Title : An insight view on herbal and alternative remediesused in the treatment of diabetes mellitus
Diabetes is a major public health concern that has been progressively rising worldwide. This disease is associated with a high rate of mortality, morbidity, and long-term consequences and remains a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disorders. Diabetes is a major cause of kidney failure, blindness, stroke, heart attacks, and lower limb amputation. Though several approaches like oral hypoglycemic agents such as sulphonylureas and biguanides can help to reduce the effects of diabetes and complications, herbal and alternative remedies are preferred because they have fewer side effects and are less expensive. Alternative medicines cover a wide range of therapeutic techniques and practices that fall beyond the mainstream of medical practice. Herbal therapies are a subject of great public interest in diabetes mellitus, describing that the antidiabetic activity of medicinal plants is due to the existence of phenolic compounds i.e., flavonoids, coumarins, terpenoids, and other constituents, which show a reduction in blood glucose levels. These products, particularly herbs, may play a direct role in diabetes prevention and management. The purpose of this study is to learn more about the prevalence and factors that influence the use of herbal products and alternative remedies by diabetic patients, as well as to discuss the demographics of these patients and to determine any perceived benefits from using herbal therapy. The study also aims to identify the source of information recommending the use of a particular herbal therapy, as well as a justification explaining the underlying reasons for its usage.