Title : Industrial wastewater treatment and as an energy sources, carbon emission reduction: Towards a cleaner production
Abstract: Improper techniques for the treatment and management of effluent produce hazards to people and contribute to global warming. In all over the world, the total crude oil palm production in the countries Various studies reveal that about 80% of effluent is disposed off partially treated in open dumps. The generated certified emission reductions (CERs) estimated and favored the treatment of wastewater in anaerobic reactor by replacing open lagoon of aerobic system for cleaner production. The clean development mechanism (CDM) encourages the utilization of upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactors for effluent treatment and methane capture to earn CER credits as a source of revenue.