Federico Carpi is an Associate Professor in Biomedical Engineering at the University of Florence, Department of Industrial Engineering, Florence, Italy. He received from the University of Pisa the Laurea degree in Electronic Engineering in 2001, the Ph.D. degree in Bioengineering in 2005 and a second Laurea degree in Biomedical Engineering in 2008. From 2012 to 2016 he has been an Associate Professor (Reader) in Biomedical Engineering and Biomaterials at Queen Mary University of London, School of Engineering and Materials Science, UK. Since 2016, he is with the University of Florence, where he leads the ‘SMART – Soft Matter ARtificial muscles and Transducers’ research group (www.smart.unifi.it). His research interests include smart material-based biomedical and bioinspired mechatronic devices, and polymer artificial muscles. His publications include some 70 articles in international journals, 3 edited books and several contributions to books and conferences.