4th Edition of International Conference on

Materials Science and Engineering

March 13-15, 2023 | Online Event

Materials 2022

Osman Adiguzel

Speaker at Materials Science and Engineering 2022 - Osman Adiguzel
Firat University, Turkey

Title : Shape Reversibility and Displacive Transformations in Shape Memory Alloys


Some materials take place in class of advanced smart materials with adaptive properties and   stimulus response to the external changes. Shape memory alloys take place in this group by exhibiting a peculiar property called shape memory effect, which is characterized by the recoverability of two certain shapes of material at different temperatures in reversible way. Shape memory effect is initiated on cooling and deformation the material and performed thermally on heating and cooling after first cooling and stressing treatments. Therefore, this behavior is called thermoelasticity. This deformation is plastic deformation, with which strain energy is stored in the material and released on heating by recovering the original shape.

These alloys exhibit another property called superelasticity which is performed in only mechanical manner, by stressing and releasing the material at a constant temperature in parent phase region and recover the original shape simultaneous and instantly on releasing the external forces. These alloys are used shape memory elements in many fields from biomedical to the building industry. These phenomena are result of crystallographic transformations in the materials, called martensitic transformations, by which crystalline structure of the material change. Shape memory effect is governed by successive thermally and stress induced martensitic transformations, on cooling and stressing. Thermal induced martensitic transformation occurs on cooling with cooperative movement of atoms by means of lattice invariant shears in <110> - type directions on {110} - type planes of austenite, along with lattice twinning and ordered parent phase structures turn into twinned martensite structures. These twinned structures turn into detwinned martensite structures by means of strain induced martensitic transformation with deformation in martensitic state. These alloys exhibit another property called superelasticity, which is performed by stressing and releasing material at a constant temperature in parent phase region, and shape recovery is performed simultaneously upon releasing the applied stress. Superelasticity is performed in non-linear way; stressing and releasing paths are different in the stress-strain diagram, and hysteresis loop refers to energy dissipation. Superelasticity is also the result of stress-induced martensitic transformation, and parent austenite phase structures turn into the detwinned martensite structure with the stressing.

Copper based alloys exhibit this property in metastable b- phase region, which has bcc-based structures at high temperature parent phase field. Lattice invariant shear and twinning is not uniform in copper alloys, and they give rise to the formation of unusual layered complex structures, like 3R, 9R or 18R structures depending on the stacking sequences, with lattice twinning. Unit cell and periodicity is completed through 18 layers in direction z, for 18R martensite structures in ternary copper-based alloys.

In the present contribution, electron diffraction and x-ray diffraction studies performed on two copper- based CuZnAl and CuAlMn alloys. Electron diffraction patterns and x-ray diffraction profiles show that these alloys exhibit super lattice reflections in martensitic condition. Specimens of these alloys aged at room temperature in martensitic condition, and a series of x-ray diffractions were taken duration aging at room temperature. Reached results show that diffraction angles and peak intensities change with aging time at room temperature. Some of the successive peak pairs providing a special relation between Miller indices come close each other, and this result leads to the rearrangement of atoms in diffusive manner.

Keywords: Shape memory effect, martensitic transformation, thermoelasticity, superelasticity, lattice twinning, detwinning.

What will audience learn from your presentation?

  • Shape memory alloys are multifunctional materials and used in many fields. Shape memory effect is multidisciplinary subject. This conference is also multidisciplinary conference, and I will introduce the basic terms and definition about shape memory effect ant martensitic transformation at the beginning of my talk, considering every delegate is not familiar with this phenomenon.



Dr. Osman Adiguzel graduated from Department of Physics, Ankara University, Turkey in 1974 and received PhD- degree from Dicle University, Diyarbakir-Turkey. He studied at Surrey University, Guildford, UK, as a post doctoral research scientist in 1986-1987, and his studies focused on shape memory alloys. He worked as research assistant, 1975-80, at Dicle University and shifted to Firat University in 1980. He became professor in 1996, and he has been retired due to the age limit of 67, following academic life of 45 years.

He published over 80 papers in international and national journals; He joined over 120 conferences and symposia in international and national level as Plenary Speaker, Keynote Speaker, Invited speaker, speaker or Poster presenter. He served the program chair or conference chair/co-chair in some of these activities. In particular, he joined in last six years (2014 - 2019) over 60 conferences as Speaker, Keynote Speaker and Conference Co-Chair organized by different companies in different countries.

Additionally, he retired at the end of November 2019, and contributed with Keynote/Plenary Speeches over 60 Virtual/Webinar Conferences, due to the coronavirus outbreak in two year of his retirement, 2020 and 2021.

Dr. Adiguzel served his directorate of Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Firat University in 1999-2004. He supervised 5 PhD- theses and 3 M. Sc theses. He is also Technical committee member of many conferences. He received a certificate which is being awarded to him and his experimental group in recognition of   significant contribution of 2 patterns to the Powder Diffraction File – Release 2000. The ICDD (International Centre for Diffraction Data) also appreciates cooperation of his group and interest in Powder Diffraction File.

Scientific fields of Dr. Adiguzel:  Shape memory effect and displacive phase transformations in shape memory alloys and other alloys, molecular dynamics simulations, alloy modeling, electron microscopy, electron diffraction, x-ray diffraction and crystallography.