HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Rome, Italy or Virtually from your home or work.

8th Edition of

International Conference on Materials Science and Engineering

March 10-12, 2025 | Rome, Italy

Materials 2023

Thangavel Ponrasu

Speaker at Materials Science and Engineering 2023 - Thangavel Ponrasu
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India
Title : Jelly fig polysaccharide based biocompatible hydrogel loaded with lauric acid for wound tissue regeneration: An in vitro study


Tissue regeneration is an essential process to maintain, restore a normal anatomical structure and function of the skin. Natural biopolymer-based polymeric hydrogels are capable of absorbing a large quantity of water to maintain the moisture environment at the wound site. The eminence of hydrogels should be biocompatible, non- toxic, maintain the moist environment to supply oxygen and nutrients, protect the wound against microbes and absorb enough wound exudates. Here, we have prepared hydrogel using jelly fig polysaccharide extracted from achenes of jelly fig (Ficus pumila var. awkeotsang) as base material and loaded with Lauric acid (0.5 and 1%) as a bioactive ingredient to promote the tissue regeneration. The physiochemical properties of the hydrogels such as FTIR, swelling, degradation, morphology, TG/DSC, and release were thoroughly characterized. The biocompatibility of the hydrogel was also studied using NIH 3T3 fibroblasts by MTT assay, live/dead and cell proliferation by DAPI/FDA staining. Further, tissue regeneration ability was assessed by in vitro scratch wound assay. MTT assay showed that jelly fig (JF) hydrogel and Lauric acid loaded jelly fig (JF + LA) hydrogels were biocompatible. DAPI staining showed more live cells on hydrogels compared to control (Tissue culture plate). Increased cell proliferation was observed in JF + LA 1% hydrogels compared to control. In vitro scratch wound assay revealed that (JF + LA 1%) hydrogels improved the cell migration and completed wound closure within 24 h. Hence, the JF + LA hydrogels can be used as an ideal wound dressing for the acceleration of wound repair and tissue regeneration.
Audience take away:

  • Jelly fig polysaccharide based hydrogel will be an interesting new biomaterial in the field of biomedical applications.
  • Jelly fig based hydrogel will be biocompatible and patient-friendly.  
  • This will be an advantage to use many natural polysaccharides for the biomaterials preparation.
  • This kind of materials will be cost-effective and affordable to all.
  • Jelly fig polysaccharide based materials are easy to prepare and use as efficient wound dressings


Dr. T. Ponrasu obtained his Ph.D. at CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute affiliated to University of Madras, India in August 2013. Later, he carried out his postdoctoral research (July 2014 – June 2017) in the Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India and in the Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan (Sep 2018-Dec 2020). He has developed a variety of wound dressing biomaterials for skin tissue engineering and diabetic wound healing applications. He has published 35 articles in peer-reviewed journals and he has been serving as a reviewer of many reputed journals.