Title : Pathology and Patient Safety: The vital role of electronic medical record and pathology informatics in error reduction and precision medicine
Electronic medical record (EMR)'s use has increased exponentially worldwide. The traditional pen and paper way to record events and data in a patient's chart has evolved to EMR, allowing numerous opportunities. There is the potential to provide higher quality and safer care for patients while creating tangible augmentations for our organizations. EHRs provide accurate, modern, and complete information about patients at the point of care, enable quick access to patient records for optimally coordinated and efficient care, share data securely, and reduce medical errors by visualizing laboratory values retro- and prospectively. In addition, they allow a safer way to prescribe drugs, connect documents with streamlined coding and billing, and enable monitoring patient safety and productivity promptly. In the 21st century, pathology is entering a new era in healthcare. Pathology is already mobilizing new resources to face the challenges posed by the Institute of Medicine and Rand Corporation's call to action for patient safety. Implementing several modules targeting quality assurance (QA) parameters to monitor safety at pre-, analytical, and post-analytical levels is critical. The feasibility of implementing such a framework will have enormous consequences for healthcare in addressing system errors in the delivery of care. Pathology informatics can play a critical role in the prevention, identification, and correction of errors. Standardization of pathology reports, such as the College of American Pathologists (CAP) Checklist, has decreased the number of errors and misunderstandings concerning pathology findings useful for staging and therapy. Several vendors offer CAP cancer reporting checklists as part of their current laboratory information system (LIS) solutions. Virtual pathology lab data is soon handled along with imaging and pharmaceutical data in a single EMR, emphasizing the integration, versatility, and efficiency.