Title : Factors affecting oral Health in context of Nepal
Oral disease remains a significant public health problem in Nepal, as do oral health behaviors, and sociodemographic factors play a crucial role in driving oral hygiene practices. Good oral health is a sign of the overall health of an individual which includes being free of illnesses that helps to perform ordinary daily performance.
It is accounted for the connection between oral illnesses and other systemic diseases like diabetes, digestive disease, stroke, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, adverse pregnancy outcomes, obesity, et al. So, it is important to maintain good oral health and one must have knowledge of oral health and how to maintain dental and oral hygiene.
One study was done to identify the knowledge of oral health among 35 to 45-year people of Rural Nepal which had adopted the mixed design (method) – both quantitative and qualitative tools were used to collect the data. It was a cross-sectional study. The study was conducted in four Rural Municipalities of Lalitpur district: Gotikhel, Chaughare, Malta, and Bhardah. The data was collected from 369 respondents by using the structured survey questionnaire. The majority of people (68%) reported that they had heard of oral disease. Though, still, 32% had no knowledge of oral health. There was a significant association between the literate and illiterate on the basis of hearing about the oral disease because of p =.000 which is lesser than the .05 significant level. Radio and Television were the main sources of getting knowledge of oral health. The entire household may not have equal access to that region.