Oral health is a key indicator of overall health, well-being and quality of life. It encompasses a range of diseases and conditions that include dental caries, periodontal (gum) disease, tooth loss, oral cancer, oro-dental trauma, noma and birth defects such as cleft lip and palate. The Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 estimated that oral diseases affect close to 3.5 billion people worldwide. According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer, cancers of the lip and oral cavity are among the top 20 most common cancers worldwide, with nearly 180 000 deaths each year. Most oral diseases and conditions share modifiable risk factors with the leading noncommunicable diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes). These risk factors include tobacco use, alcohol consumption and unhealthy diets high in free sugars, all of which are increasing at the global level. There is a proven relationship between oral and general health. It is reported, for example, that diabetes is linked with the development and progression of periodontitis. Moreover, there is a causal link between high consumption of sugars and diabetes, obesity and dental caries. Poor oral health causes millions of people to suffer from devastating pain and increases the out-of-pocket financial burden for society. Oral diseases can affect an individual’s effectiveness in school and work settings and can cause social and personal problems. The psychosocial impact of many oral diseases significantly reduces quality of life. While the global burden of untreated dental caries in primary and permanent teeth has remained relatively unchanged over the past 30 years, the overall burden of oral health conditions on services is likely to keep increasing because of population growth and aging. Among the Nepalese people in city areas awareness via different medias and education level of people has decreased the dental disease whereas in rural areas still lack of knowledge about dental diseases and its impact on life has still increased the oral diseases.
Audience Take Away:
- Oral health is one of the most neglected part in our part. So would like to show the imporatnce of oral health and its impact in our health.
- After this presentation I hope audience will have more knowledge how the oral health will have impact in our daily life. It is one of the non -communicable diseases because of which many people are loosing their life.
- This type of research can be done at any part of the country of the world so that we can educate our people and teach them the importance of dental visit regularly.
- Timely prevention and timely treatment will obviously save our teeth, money and life.
- Healthy oral cavity helps to lead healthy life through healthy smile.