HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Rome, Italy or Virtually from your home or work.

10th Edition of International Conference on
Dentistry and Oral Health

March 13-15, 2025 | Rome, Italy
Dental 2025

Dental consideration in patients under bisphosphonate and radiotherapy: Systematic review

Lujain Al Sahman, Speaker at CE Accredited Dental Conferences
King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
Title : Dental consideration in patients under bisphosphonate and radiotherapy: Systematic review

Abstract:

Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw is defined as the necrosis of jawbone cells in patients who are on drugs known to increase the risk of the disease. The condition may lead to several complications in oral cavity. Osteoradionecrosis is a serious complication of radiotherapy for head and neck cancer. Radioactive osteonecrosis most commonly occurs in the mouth during treatment of head and neck cancer and can appear up to 5 years after radiation. The aim of current systematic review was highlighted on the dental consideration after and during radiotherapy and treatment of bisphosphonate. Methodology: The present Systematic review conducted to relevant recent articles that detected and identified through the journals databases (PUBMED, EMBASE, and MEDLINE) between the year 01 January 2015 to 01 May 2022. A search was achieved by using the specific keywords terms Dental care; Dental management; bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ); Osteoradionecrosis; Bisphosphonate; and Radiotherapy. Results: The current systematic review conducted to 18 articles published after 2015s, most articles were highlighted on Head and neck cancer with low sample size, and osteonecrosis condition during Bisphosphate therapy. The results showed significant Osteoradionecrosis effect of radiotherapy on jawbone characterized by non-healing socket after extraction, loosening of teeth, exposed oral cavity bone, poor healing and infection of soft tissue, numbness, or the feeling of heaviness in the jaw and exudate discharge. As well as the results showed negative osteonecrosis effect of BP therapy on the jawbone during therapy characterized by change of tooth structure. Conclusion: HNC patients should have comprehensive dental examination before undergoing to radiotherapy, as well as clearance before start bisphosphates, also dentist Should be highly educated and skilled in managing oral disease and minimize the high risk of complications.

Audience Take Away:

 

  • After attending the presentation, the audience will learn about the following:
  • The definition and risks of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) and osteoradionecrosis (ORN) in patients undergoing radiotherapy and bisphosphonate therapy for head and neck cancer.
  • The significant impact of osteoradionecrosis on the jawbone, including non-healing sockets, exposed oral cavity bone, poor healing and infection of soft tissue, numbness, and exudate discharge.
  • The negative effects of bisphosphonate therapy on the jawbone, such as changes in tooth structure.
  • The importance of comprehensive dental examination and clearance before radiotherapy and bisphosphonate therapy for head and neck cancer patients.
  • The need for highly educated and skilled dentists in managing oral disease and minimizing the high risk of complications in patients undergoing radiotherapy and bisphosphonate therapy.
  • The audience will also learn about the latest research and studies on the topic, including the clinical efficacy and complications of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in patients with oropharyngeal cancer, especially focusing on osteoradionecrosis, and the relationship between dental extractions and osteonecrosis.

Biography:

Dr. Lujain studied Dentistry at the King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia, and graduated with a bachelor's degree with excellence in 2020. Qualified as an employee in the ministry of health. She then joined the Doctor of Science in Dentistry (DScD) in Oral medicine & diagnostic science at King Saud University, Riyadh. She received her The Diploma of Primary Care Dentistry (Dip PCD RCSI) degree in 2021 at the royal college of surgeons in Ireland. She has published more than 7 research articles in (E) journals.

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