HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Paris, France or Virtually from your home or work.
Yoshinori Mishina, Speaker at Renewable Energy Conferences
Individual Researcher, Japan
Title : Are potential reductions in CO2 emissions via hybrid electric vehicles actualized in real traffic? The case of Japan


This presentation is based on the original paper with the same title by the presenter (Misina, Y., Muromachi, Y., 2017. Transportation Research Part D 50, 372-384) and includes recent study results. The number of private passenger hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) in use in Japan has increased rapidly since 2009. One of the advantages of HEVs over conventional passenger vehicles lies in the higher fuel economy obtained by recent technological innovations, which helps reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from transport. However, are the potential reductions in CO2 emissions via HEVs actualized in real traffic in Japan? To answer this question, this study estimates the regional gap between on-road fuel economy and fuel economy in the regulated test procedures (test fuel economy) of HEVs and regional direct rebound effects of HEV use during 2010–2013. To estimate the direct rebound effects, a methodological framework of the Modified Laspeyres Index (MLI) decomposition is proposed to quantify the contribution of kilometers traveled per vehicle to aggregate the differences between CO2 emissions per HEV and those per standard/small vehicle. The results show that the potential reductions in CO2 emissions offered by the higher test fuel economy of HEVs have been offset markedly by the deterioration in test fuel economy and the direct rebound effects in real traffic over the period. An increase in fuel prices by implementing a fuel tax increase would be one method to improve the on-road fuel economy of HEVs and reduce the direct rebound effects. However, equity policies would be required for urban and rural regions.

Audience Take Away

  • Although this study focuses on the transportation sector, the study approach would present helpful information to researchers and policy makers and planners wishing to limit the environmental damages caused by emissions not only in the transportation sector but also in other sectors including chemistry and energy.
  • The methods of index decomposition analysis used in this presentation would yield more valid analysis results.


Yoshinori Mishina studied Environmental Engineering at Tokyo Institute of Technology and received his Ph.D. degree from the same university in 2013. He is currently an independent researcher and an advisor to a Japanese engineering company. His recent published book is "Climate Change Countermeasures in the Transportation Sector (in Japanese)'' co-authored.