Title : Synergistic inhibitory effects of capsaicin combined with cisplatin on human osteosarcoma in culture and in xenografts
Background: The combination of phytochemicals with chemotherapy drugs is an emerging new strategy forcancer therapy to increase antitumor responses.
Methods: The present study investigates the effect of the combination of capsaicin (CAP) with cisplatin (DDP) and
the potential underlying anticancer mechanisms in osteosarcoma (OS) cells in vitro and in vivo.
Results: Cell viability assays and isobolographic analyses demonstrated that the combination of CAP and DDP
showed synergistic cytotoxic effects on OS cells. We chose relatively low concentrations of CAP (100 μM) and DDP
(16.7 μM) for subsequent experiments. Generally, the combination of CAP and DDP had significant effects on
apoptosis induction, cell cycle arrest and cell invasion inhibition in OS cells compared with the individual-treatment
groups and the control group. Moreover, cotreatment with CAP and DDP triggered prosurvival autophagy through
reactive oxygen species (ROS)/JNK and p-AKT/mTOR signaling in OS cells. The combination regimen of CAP and
DDP also inhibited tumor growth in an OS xenograft model.
Conclusion: These results suggest that the combination of CAP and DDP has strong inhibitory effects on OS cells
and identify CAP as a promising agent for supplementing standard chemotherapy and possible future targeted
therapy in OS