Radiation oncology is a specialized field of medicine that employs high-energy radiation to treat cancerous cells within the human body. Utilizing advanced technology such as linear accelerators, radiation oncologists precisely target tumors while minimizing damage to surrounding healthy tissues. This non-invasive approach makes radiation therapy a pivotal component in cancer treatment plans. The process involves careful planning through imaging studies, such as CT scans, to precisely determine the treatment area. External beam radiation delivers focused radiation from outside the body, while brachytherapy involves placing radioactive sources directly into or near the tumor.
Radiation oncologists work collaboratively with a multidisciplinary team, including surgeons and medical oncologists, to provide comprehensive care. Commonly used for various cancers, including breast, prostate, lung, and brain tumors, radiation therapy can be curative or palliative, depending on the clinical scenario. Side effects are closely monitored and managed to ensure optimal patient comfort. Continuous advancements in technology and research contribute to improving the effectiveness and precision of radiation oncology, offering hope and enhanced outcomes for individuals undergoing cancer treatment.