Dr. Masahiko Kondow received the B.E. and M.E. degrees in electrical engineering, from Osaka University in 1984 and 1986, respectively. Since 1986, he had been with Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi, Ltd. He received the Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering, from Osaka University in 1991. In 1998, he was with University of California, San Diego, as a visiting scholar. Since 2005, he has been with Osaka University as a professor in Graduate School of Engineering.