A biomaterial is a substance that has been created to interact with biological systems for a medical purpose, either diagnostic or therapeutic. Emerging advanced biomaterials, such as hydrogels, films, micro/nanofibers, and particles, have recently shown significant promise for use as cell/drug carriers for local drug delivery and biomimetic scaffolds for future regeneration therapies.
Any device made out of biological components is referred to as a biodevice. More efficient, concurrent design of materials and components to meet specified performance requirements, the ability to prioritise models and computational methods by the degree of utility in design, are all potential benefits of this systems approach.
Tissue engineering is a biomedical engineering discipline that restores, maintains, improves, or replaces various types of biological tissues by combining cells, engineering, materials technologies, and appropriate biochemical and physicochemical parameters.