Materials science is an interdisciplinary field that studies the properties of matter and how they are applied to many fields of science and engineering. Chemical, mechanical, civil, and electrical engineering, as well as elements of applied physics and chemistry, are all included in it. Characterization is the foundation of all materials science, and it entails linking the desired qualities and relative performance of a material in a specific application to the structure of the atoms and phases in that material.
Material engineering is the study of the properties and applications of numerous materials used in science and technology, such as metals, ceramics, and plastics. Manipulation of materials, their qualities, and processes is critical in the quest to make things stronger, cheaper, lighter, more functional, and more sustainable.