Industrial resources (minerals) are geological materials extracted for their commercial worth, which are not fuel (fuel minerals or mineral fuels) or metal sources (metallic minerals), but are utilised in industries due to their physical and/or chemical qualities. They are utilised as raw materials or as additives in a wide range of applications, either in their native state or after beneficiation.
Metals, as well as their alloys with other metals, are widely used in our daily lives. Iron, copper, aluminium, silver, gold, and other metals are often used. Iron and steel production, as well as aluminium manufacturing, make up the primary metal industry. Over the last 30 years, this industry has reduced its energy use by 46%.
Industrial materials, as opposed to disposable “soft” goods such as chemicals, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, and textiles, are utilised in the creation of “hard” goods, such as more or less durable machines and equipment created for industry and consumers.
Title : Lattice reactions governing reversibility and pseudoelasticity in shape memory alloys
Osman Adiguzel, Firat University, Turkey
Title : 2D/3D manufacture of advanced ceramics for demanding applications
Bala Vaidhyanathan, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Title : Improving the surface properties of materials and biomaterials by electrochemical methods.
Lidia Benea, Dunarea de Jos University of Galati, Romania
Title : Engineering applications of nanotechnology
Yarub Al Douri, American University of Iraq Sulaimani, Iraq
Title : Joining of ceramic materials by brazing: Relations between wetting, reactivity and interface microstructure
Fiqiri Hodaj, University of Grenoble Alpes, France
Title : Combining SiN MMI waveguides based on slot waveguide technology
Dror Malka, Holon Institute of Technology, Israel