Title : Precision medicine innovations: Key opportunities and challenges
Precision medicine, also known as personalised medicine is a fairly new concept in medicine that seeks to improve the outcome of health care in patients by taking into cognisance genetic makeup and other factors of patients to deliver personalised all inclusive care to patients with myriad of diseases.
Since the first genome was sequenced, precision medicine has expanded to include numerous areas here which include but not limited to molecular diagnostics, pharmacogenomics, molecular dynamics and next generation sequencing. The use of high performance technology like cryo-technology, quantum technology and artificial intelligence is prominent and important in precision medicine. It is quite interesting that artificial intelligence has been infused into precision medicine, a feat that was nowhere on the health care scene in the past 15 years. The question behoves us about the various opportunities and challenges in precision medicine.
Notwithstanding, reaching personalised medicine is an enormous task and faces many challenges especially in critical care. These include uncertainty about how to separate patients into discrete groups, multi-morbidity, need for timely interventions and confusion with respect to terminology.
Oncology and microbiology seems to be the foremost areas of advancement in this discourse. This work seeks to present the challenges and opportunities where precision medicine is yet to be properly explored.