Malocclusion is a disorder in which the teeth are not properly aligned when the mouth is closed. Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that treats malocclusion. Orthodontic treatment involves straightening or repositioning teeth in order to improve their look and function. By spreading the biting pressure across all of the teeth, it can also help to maintain the long-term dental health, gums, and jaw joints.
Dentofacial orthopaedics is one of twelve dental specialties with extensive education, practise, and research requirements. Dentofacial orthopaedics methods are typically used on children before they receive orthodontic treatment or braces, as these tools can aid in the development of the jaw during growing. Dentofacial Orthopaedics uses orthopaedic equipment for the jaw and face to assist guide the maturation of facial bones.