Paediatric dentists specialise in the oral health of children from birth to adolescence. During the first six months of life, children begin to develop their baby teeth. They begin to lose their initial set of teeth at the age of 6 or 7, which are eventually replaced by secondary, permanent teeth. Children who do not receive sufficient dental care risk developing oral decay and disease, which can lead to a lifetime of pain and consequences.
Geriatric dentistry, also known as gerodontics, is the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of problems associated with natural ageing and age-related disorders in older persons as part of an inter-disciplinary team alongside other health care experts. Geriatric health is a neglected and under-researched field around the world. For the elderly, oral health is a reflection of overall health. Due to age-related systemic disorders and functional changes, elderly patients are more susceptible to oral problems.