Among the most important materials are those that are environmentally friendly. The development of ecofriendly polymeric materials, sometimes known as "green materials," is critical for both academia and business. Environmentally friendly polymers are made up of biodegradable or biobased polymers or composites (from renewable resources). Their carbon-neutral lifespan may minimize carbon dioxide emissions and reliance on petroleum-based products, lowering human impact on the environment. In our modern environment, materials are the stuff of economic life. They include industrial production's resource inputs and product outputs. A green material is one that accomplishes the most with the least, works in harmony with ecosystem processes, reduces the use of other materials and energy, and aids in the transition to a service-based economy.