Materials science teaches us about the materials that things are made of and how they act. Materials engineering demonstrates how to apply knowledge to create and improve products. Materials science and engineering fuels innovation in everything from aircraft to health, in both research and industry. All other science and engineering disciplines rely on it.
Sustainable chemistry is critical for increasing energy efficiency in all types of buildings, including new construction and renovation projects. Advanced materials such as thermal insulation foams and panels for both internal and external use, coatings that either reflect heat or light, phase change materials that provide thermal inertia/storage for buildings and aid temperature control, and highly energy efficient lighting such as Organic Light-emitting Diodes are all examples of energy efficient building solutions (OLED). Materials that enable the integration of solar panels in buildings, resources that enable lightweight constructions, and the integration of renewable and biobased materials in construction products are also being investigated by the industry.