Microwave Photonics is a rather fresh interdisciplinary scientific-technical and scientific-technological direction of radio electronics and photonics, which provides a rise in the efficiency of the formation and processing of analog and digital radio signals because of their transfer to the optical range.
The use of MWP in promising radio facilities for various purposes has the potential, first, from the purpose of view of accelerating operating frequencies up to tens of terahertz, ensuring their multirange, multifunctionality, reconfigurability, and increasing speed and throughput in accordance with modern requirements.
Another purpose of MWP is to enhance the performance characteristics of existing REAs like instantaneous bandwidth, electromagnetic compatibility, power consumption, reliability, resistance to natural and intentional interference, footprint, and environmental friendliness.
MWP technology opens the path to superwide bandwidth transmitting characteristics at the lower size, weight, and power as compared with traditional electronic information and communication systems.
Example: It is expected that this direction will find wide application in the RF equipment for accessing networks of incoming mobile communication systems with distribution in the millimeter-wave range demonstrates a typical MWP arrangement, where for direct and inverse transferring of MW and optical signals, two interfacing units are allocated at their bounds: MW-to-optical (MW/O) and optical-to-MW (O/MW) converters.