HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Rome, Italy or Virtually from your home or work.
Diana Catalina Castro Rodriguez, Speaker at Nutrition Conference
National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition Salvador Zubiran, Mexico


With the accelerated pace of modern life, driven by the quest for greater comfort, diseases have also increased in the population. This makes it seem difficult to achieve the goal of total wellness for our civilization, and may even make us think that this is an unattainable goal. Human beings experience a wide variety of ailments such as diabetes, obesity or cancer, which significantly diminish their quality of life. These diseases have not only become personal problems, but have also increased in number, becoming a public health problem. Recent studies show that not only genetic factors are strongly associated with these diseases, but also diet and its impact on the intestinal microbiota have a significant influence on their development. Dietary habits can alter the intestinal microbiota, affecting its functionality and leading to drastic changes in energy generation and utilization, predisposing to the development of chronic degenerative diseases. Nutritional imbalance during the early stages of development alters metabolism, intestinal physiology and the composition of the microbiota, which negatively affects the overall health of individuals and becomes an important element for the development of a country. Therefore, implementing lifestyle modifications can prevent the adverse effects caused by poor nutrition during the development of each individual. One of these modifications could be the consumption of probiotics, microorganisms that stimulate the protective functions of the digestive tract and, when ingested in sufficient quantities, exert a beneficial action on the health of the host. Probiotics stand out for several characteristics, among the most important are their nutritional contribution, their ability to maintain a healthy intestinal microbiota, the attenuation of lactose intolerance, their improvement of gastric health, their ability to assist in antibiotic treatments, the reduction of respiratory infections and their ability to reduce serum cholesterol. In addition, in recent years, their contribution to the improvement of metabolic and immunological alterations associated with obesity has been demonstrated, which makes them a subject of great interest. Although numerous studies have been conducted to understand the relationship between probiotics, the microbiota and various diseases, it is still uncertain how probiotics act on the physiology of the individual. To achieve a more complete understanding of the probiotic effect on health, more research is needed that focuses on determining the functionality of probiotics on the microbiota, as well as understanding the relationship of the microbiota to the development or prevention of major diseases such as obesity or cancer.

Audience Take Away:

  • Importance of adequate nutrition in early stages of development such as pregnancy and lactation
  • Beneficial effects of the use of probiotics.
  • Characterization of bacteria with probiotic potential.


Dr. Diana C. Castro Rodríguez has PhD in Science in Bioprocesses. She is currently a young researcher from CONACYT. She has carried out two research stays, one at the Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology, Valencia, Spain and another at Texas Biomedical Research Institute and Southwest National Primate Research Center, San Antonio, United States. She has three patent application records. She has been awarded honorable mentions for her work in both the Master's and PhD. Her line of research is aimed at the bio-synthesis of the secondary metabolites of probiotic and their effects in chronic degenerative diseases.