Background: The main process used to pasteurize human milk is the low-temperature, long-time Holder method (HOLDER and recently investigated, the high-temperature, short-time method.Both processes lead to an appropriated inactivation of vegetative forms but are ineffective versus [....]
Despite the knowledge of the detrimental effects on both health and athletic performance of severely low energy diets and rapid weight loss methods, professional jockeys maintain archaic weight management and weight making practices. This presentation acknowledges that knowledge [....]
Food insecurity is a global issue with significant effects on human health. However, while many efforts have been made in addressing hunger and improving health, continued progress is still necessary at many levels. This presentation explores how, in today’s connected globa [....]
Technology has accelerated the development of pig nutrition as we have moved from formulating with 10 nutrients to now up to 200 nutrients. Precision has replaced the art of nutrition as diagnostic tools such as NIR are now common place in most feed mills. In-depth diagnostic tes [....]
Highly processed foods and deficits in nutrients are associated with poor mental health outcomes. This recent study examined the effect of a six-month diet that eliminated gluten, dairy (with A1 protein), food colourings, additives and preservatives, and nutrient supplementation [....]
Gut Microbiota (GM), a microbial community gathering more than 100 trillion microorganisms in gastrointestinal tract, plays specific functions as nutrient metabolism, gut mucosa integrity, immunomodulation and protection against pathogens; GM also controls adipose tissue expansio [....]
Demand and consumption for food with a functional character have grown a lot, as well as the development of new products, beneficial for health. In this context, the cereal bars appear. They are products with good acceptance in the market and whose demand has been growing constan [....]
Trials of canned cherries in syrup with lactitol were made with different ratios of lactitol: 25 and 50% with an improved nutritional profile. Three formulations of cherries were developed: Witness: sucrose 100%, T1: sucrose75%-lactitol 25% and T2: sucrose50%-lactitol 50%. In com [....]
Pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) is primarily a tetrameric enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphate from phosphoenolpyruvate to ADP, resulting in pyruvate and ATP. PKM2 is abundant during embryogenesis and in specific adult tissues such as adipose and pancreatic islets. New evi [....]
Lactose intolerance is a condition in which a person cannot digest or absorb lactose due to a genetically programmed decrease in intestinal galactosidase (lactase). People who follow a strict lactose-free diet often suffer from various nutritional deficiencies that can generate v [....]
During the presentation factors affecting beef quality will be discussed, starting from cattle diet, followed by ageing period and thermal treatment used, and the results of our own research will be presented.
In the past, beef was produced from pasture-fed cattle carcasses, w [....]
Most bacteria are harmless and valuable germs whereas some constitute major threats on public health. In fact, Escherichia coli has been recently classified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as being one among other bacteria causing serious antimicrobial resistance. Therefor [....]
Moringa oleifera is a tree of the family Moringaceae, native of India, this plant of great nutritional and medicinal interest is currently cultivated in Algeria. In the present work we are interested in the effect of incorporation of M. oleifera leaf powder on the preservation [....]
Worldwide, there is an alarming increase in the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), a constellation of cardiovascular risk factors including central obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidaemia and hypertension. The use of multiple MetS definitions has led to challenges wi [....]
There is more and more scientific evidence which supports a positive relationship between a diet based on plant foods and the prevention of certain degenerative chronic diseases such as obesity, coronary disease, arterial hypertension, diabetes, cancer and others. Moringa oleifer [....]
Consumption of high fiber foods such as fruits and vegetables is beneficial in stabilizing blood sugar. Therefore present study has been conducted to evaluate and determine the fiber and total sugar contents in leafy vegetables prescribed to diabetics in Kisangani.
Fifty Nine [....]
The perinatal period is characterized by developmental stages with high sensitivity to environmental factors. Among the risk factors, maternal obesity and early-life pesticide exposure can program infant metabolism [....]
Background/aims: The perinatal period is characterized by a strong plasticity of physiological systems explaining the higher individual sensitivity to environmental factors (foetal programming). An association of junk food and early exposure to pesticide residues seem to be inv [....]
The studies are aimed to the development of technology for production of lamb enriched with minerals in organic form, packed in biodegradable film, providing the preservation of essential nutrients and quality as well as reduction in the loss of raw material weight.
One of the [....]
The biological significance of polyunsaturated fatty acids, in particular the n-3 PUFA, as well as the n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio, is the subject of numerous studies. For the human body, linoleic (LA, C 18:2) and linolenic (ALA, C 18: 3) acids are essential as precursors of bioactive fat [....]
Eggs are a significant source of nutrients used in the daily diet. The cost price of eggs of conventional composition is determined by their weight class. With increasing egg weight, the absolute proportions of albumen and egg yolk in grams increase, while the relative proportion [....]
Wheat is one of the most widely grown cereals in the world. Considered among the most important protein sources, wheat could provide 20% of calories from the overall human consumption. However, the strong demand for wheat is leading to a major research effort. This is necessary t [....]
One of the most valuable from a nutritional point of view alternative source of protein are edible insects. Their amino acid composition is the most similar to animal proteins traditionally consumed in the diet, and the protein itself has a high degree of digestibility. In additi [....]
Home fortification of foods with Multiple Micronutrient has been proposed to maintain normal growing and health of children living in chronic malnutrition conditions. In December 2014, the National Nutrition Programme, in partnership with UNICEF, introduced multiple micronutrient [....]
Bread has a historical importance in staple of our Moroccan culture . However, the diversity of traditional peasantry bakers' practices was never described and linked to the biodiversity. During the last century , industrialization promoted the use of yeast starters and stand [....]
Specific derivatives of synthetic hydroxyxanthrones (HDXs) have been shown to strengthen tight junction barrier and prevent tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced barrier disruption of intestinal epithelia. HDXs have been demonstrated to up-regulate the barrier-build [....]
Honey is produced from the nectar of flowers or exudates of the plant parts which are collected by bees (Apis mellifera). These honey bees transform, deposit, dehydrate and store honey in honeycombs. All honey consumed in the Maldives are imported, and according to the Maldives C [....]
Effective prevention of obesity already during infancy, and again in childhood and even through adolescence will positively contrast adult obesity, and reduce the weight of obesity’s complications.
Preventive interventions have been usually focused on reinforcing the sin [....]
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