Title : Short-term to long-term strategies for improving food security and nutrition in the covid-19 pandemic
Statement of the Problem: Sustainable provision of food available and access to all sections of a society and continuous monitoring of food security from farm to fork is one of the main responsibilities of governments to ensure the security of the individual, family and society as an important right of the people, particularly in critical situations
The purpose of study is to consider the challenges of food and nutrition insecurity of households, due to the economic, social and psychological consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic and to investigate the related causes and provide practical short-term to long-term solutions to control and deal with its possible effects.
The dimensions of the issue in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic can be expressed as follows:
a. Creating weakness and disruption in the chain of production, distribution, and supply of food and agricultural products and thus consumer access and reception
b. Exacerbation of various forms of malnutrition, including low or high intake and their side effects, including weakened immune system and increased risk of death.
c. Further threat of pandemic and the spread of food and nutrition in urban and rural areas, especially low-income groups and deprived of basic facilities. Income inequality and unemployment will likely mitigate income-related health inequalities during the COVID-19 pandemic.
d. Factors affected by the economic crisis caused by the Covid-19 pandemic include rising unemployment, the cessation of some quarantined jobs and forced housing, declining incomes and economic access to food, especially for the vulnerable and low-income households. And the occurrence or aggravation of economic, social and psychological problems resulting from them.
e. Insufficient access to agricultural and livestock inputs, including desirability, quantity and cost for farmers and livestock operators in return for the cost of production.
f. Import of poor quality and unhealthy food in accordance with the standards in the form of smuggling or from the official points of entry of goods due to ignoring the minimum laws and standard rules of each country.