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Chronic and Acute Bronchitis

Chronic and Acute Bronchitis

The bronchial tree is a complex network of tubes that most individuals are unaware of until they become inflamed or mucus-filled, a condition known as bronchitis. Bronchitis can be acute (i.e., it comes on suddenly) or chronic (i.e., it lasts a long period) (continuing or recurring). Each has similar symptoms, but they develop differently and have different effects on your health. It's crucial to understand how the bronchial tree functions in order to distinguish between acute and chronic bronchitis.

One of the two main kinds of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is chronic bronchitis (COPD). The other is emphysema, which is caused by damaged alveoli that can no longer exchange oxygen adequately, resulting in shortness of breath. Emphysema damages the alveoli, whereas chronic bronchitis causes irritation and inflammation of the bronchial tubes, making breathing difficult. This type of bronchitis is referred to as "chronic" because it can create a persistent cough that lasts for months or even years. Coughing is usually productive, which means it coughs up mucus. The lining of the airways is constantly irritated in chronic bronchitis, causing it to enlarge and generate more mucus, making it difficult to breathe.

Acute bronchitis is similar to chronic bronchitis in that it causes inflammation and irritation, but it is only temporary. Acute bronchitis is mainly caused by viral illnesses like the cold or flu. A bacterial infection can cause acute bronchitis in some cases.

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