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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • Pulmonology
  • Bronchiectasis
  • Obstructive lung disease
  • Pulmonary Emphysema
  • End-stage Lung Disease

COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a widespread, preventable, and treatable lung illness that affects both men and women around the world. Airflow into and out of the lungs is restricted because to abnormalities in the tiny airways of the lungs. The airways narrow due to a variety of factors. Parts of the lung may be destroyed, mucus may obstruct the airways, and the airway lining may be inflamed and swollen. Emphysema or chronic bronchitis are other names for COPD. COPD and asthma have similar symptoms (coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing), and some people have both. People with COPD find it more difficult to carry out their typical daily activities as the disease develops, sometimes due to breathlessness. Due to the loss of productivity at work and at home, as well as the costs of medical treatment, there may be a significant financial burden. People with COPD may require further treatment at home or admission to the hospital for emergency care during flare-ups, since their symptoms become considerably worse. Flare-ups that are severe can be fatal. Heart disease, osteoporosis, musculoskeletal diseases, lung cancer, depression, and anxiety are all common in people who have COPD. COPD has no cure, although early identification and therapy can help to delay the progression of symptoms and minimise the likelihood of flare-ups.

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