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Neonatal Lung Diseases

Neonatal Lung Diseases
  • Infant pulmonary function

The neonate's lungs might be affected by a variety of conditions. Many respiratory issues put a newborn at risk and necessitate medical attention from a doctor or other health care provider. Neonatal lung disease affects new-borns and infants who develop respiratory problems soon after birth. These problems are most common in premature babies due to immature lung development, but they can also occur in full-term babies due to infection, heart disease, or an inability to swallow adequately. Some of these illnesses improve with time, while others require long-term care throughout their lives. Children with new-born lung disease have underdeveloped lungs, making them more susceptible to respiratory infections and the need for long-term oxygen. These patients generally have neurodevelopmental issues as a result of their prematurity, which predisposes them to dysphagia and aspiration. Inhaled steroids and diuresis may help patients with new-born lung disease maintain their lungs dry. Radiographs are used to identify and treat the majority of neonatal lung diseases, and proper radiographic technique is critical for patient safety and diagnosis.

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