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Lung Diseases Affecting the Interstitium

Lung Diseases Affecting the Interstitium
  • Interstitial lung disease
  • Pulmonary edema

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a term that refers to a group of lung diseases. The interstitium, a portion of your lungs, is affected by all interstitial lung disorders. The interstitium is a lace-like tissue network that runs the length of both lungs. It protects the alveoli, which are small air sacs in your lungs. The interstitium is normally so thin that it isn't visible on X-rays or CT scans. The interstitium thickens in all kinds of interstitial lung disease. Inflammation, scarring, or a build-up of fluid can all cause this. Acute ILD lasts a short time; chronic ILD lasts a long time and does not go away. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a catch-all name for a variety of disorders that induce lung scarring (fibrosis). Scarring in the lungs produces rigidity, making it harder to breathe and get oxygen into the bloodstream. ILDs cause irreparable lung damage that worsens over time. Interstitial lung disease can affect anyone, even children. Genetics, certain drugs, and medical procedures such as radiation or chemotherapy can all raise the risk of or cause ILDs. ILDs like asbestosis and hypersensitivity pneumonitis have been linked to exposure to hazardous materials. People who have autoimmune disorders like sarcoidosis or rheumatoid arthritis are more likely to acquire ILDs. Smoking can not only cause ILDs, but it can also make them worse, which is why anybody who has been diagnosed is highly advised to quit. Unfortunately, the causes of many diseases, such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, are unknown. Shortness of breath is the most common symptom of all ILDs. A dry cough, chest discomfort, weariness, and weight loss are frequently associated with this condition. Lung damage has usually already occurred by the time symptoms arise; therefore, it is critical to contact your doctor as soon as possible.Pneumonia

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