Adaptation refers to changes in ecological, social, or economic systems as a result of existing or anticipated climatic stimuli, as well as their ramifications or consequences. It refers to adjustments in procedures, practises, and structures that are made to mitigate the effects of climate change or to take advantage of the opportunities that come with it. To put it another way, countries and communities must create adaptation solutions and take action to respond to current climate change consequences as well as plan for future repercussions. Climate change adaptation entails taking steps to mitigate the negative effects of climate change while also taking advantage of new opportunities. It entails modifying policies and behaviours in response to observed or anticipated climate changes. Adaptation can be reactive, occurring in response to the effects of climate change, or proactive, occurring before the effects of climate change become apparent. Adaptation is especially crucial in developing countries since they are the most vulnerable to climate change and bear the brunt of its consequences.