The climate naturally varies from year to year. Climate change can occur over considerably longer time periods, such as decades or centuries. The shift in the mean condition of a given climate parameter, such as temperature or precipitation, is referred to as climate change. Climate change occurs when the statistical distribution of a climate variable changes, to put it another way. The variation in climate parameters induced by nonhuman causes is referred to as natural climate variability. There are two types of natural variability in the climate system: external and internal. External controls on climate variability include variations in the sun, volcanic eruptions, and changes in the Earth's orbit around the sun. Changes that occur over extended time periods, like oscillations between ice ages and interglacial eras, are driven by these processes. Natural variability is also influenced by internal climate system processes that originate, in part, from interactions between the atmosphere and the ocean, such as those that occur during an El Nino event in the tropical Pacific Ocean.
Title : Liquid crystal photo alignment and photo patterning based on nanosize azodye layers.
Vladimir Chigrinov, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
Title : Image super-resolution for climate projections
Saurabh Paul, S&P Global Market Intelligence, United States
Title : Cooking up a catastrophe: Raising eu consumer awareness of health impacts of gas cooking
Alexia Ross, CLASP, United States
Title : Computer simulation of the offshore CO2 geological sequestration in smeaheia, Norway
Marte Gutierrez, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, United States
Title : Financing climate change adaptation and its devolution through national budget in Tanzania.
Peter Msumali Rogers, University of Dar es Salaam, United States
Title : Forecasts of global renewable energy generation and analysis of key factors affecting the growth of renewable energy markets.
Abhishek Asthana, Sheffield Hallam University, United Kingdom
Title : Analysis of carbon markets and offset alternatives in the compliance and voluntary schemes to commercialise colombian neutral coal.
Clara Ines Pardo Martinez, Universidad del Rosario, Colombia
Title : Achieving a carbon free built environment with circular economy
Azzeddine Oudjehane, Southern Alberta Institute of Technology, Canada
Title : The influence of household characteristics on the purchase of clean cars: The case of Spain
Mercedes Burguillo Cuesta, Universidad de Alcala, Spain
Title : Aligning officially supported export finance with the paris agreement
Igor Shishlov, Perspectives Climate Group, Spain