GIS stands for geographic information system, and it is a computer-based tool for mapping and evaluating feature events on the planet. GIS technology combines typical database functions with maps, such as querying and statistical analysis. GIS organises location-based data and provides tools for displaying and analysing statistics such as population demographics, economic development potential, and vegetation types. GIS allows you to create dynamic displays by linking databases and maps. It also includes capabilities for visualising, querying, and overlaying databases in ways that ordinary spreadsheets cannot. These capabilities set GIS apart from other information systems, making it useful for explaining events, forecasting outcomes, and strategizing across a wide spectrum of public and commercial companies.
The art and science of measuring the earth with sensors on planes or satellites is known as remote sensing. These sensors capture data in the form of images and offer specific tools for altering, analysing, and displaying those images. A GIS incorporates remote sensing imagery.