Geology is the study of the structure, evolution, and dynamics of the Earth, as well as its natural mineral and energy resources. It is often known as "geoscience" or "Earth science." Geology is the study of the processes that have shaped the Earth over its 4500 million (approximate) year history, as revealed by the geological record. It is concerned with the real world outside of the laboratory and is directly related to societal demands. Geology is the study of the Earth, its materials, the structure of those materials, and the processes that affect them. It encompasses the study of species that have lived on our planet in the past. The study of how Earth's materials, structures, processes, and species have changed over time is an essential element of geology. Geologists study our planet's past to learn more about it. The better they understand Earth's history, the better scientists will be able to predict how previous events and processes will affect the future.
The study of the Earth's structure, qualities, processes, and four and a half billion years of biotic development is known as Earth science. Understanding these occurrences is critical to the survival of life on Earth. The growing global population necessitates more resources, puts more people at risk from natural disasters, and discharges more pollutants into the air, water, and land. It is necessary to have a scientific understanding of the natural elements and processes that connect the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere in order to sustain our existence. At the Earth's surface, where various habitats collide, life thrives or perishes. Earth scientists' knowledge and services assist society in a variety of ways in dealing with its environment.