Title : Features of electromagnetic excitations propagation in a photonic crystal with microcavities containing quantum dots
Designing and utilization of novel materials for manufacturing of the sources of coherent irradiation is currently a vast interdisciplinary area, which spans various theoretical and fundamental aspects of laser physics, condensed matter physics, nanotechnology, chemistry as well information science. Physical realization of corresponding devices requires the ability to manipulate the group velocity of propagation of electromagnetic pulses, which is accomplished by the use of the so-called polaritonic crystals. The latter represent a particular type of photonic crystals featured by a strong coupling between medium quantum excitations (excitons) and optical field.
The report is devoted to elucidation of the effect of point-like defects on electromagnetic excitations (polaritons) dispersion in a 1D and 2D array of microcavity (microresonator) with embedded one-level quantum dots. It is shown that the presence of vacancies in the microcavity and atomic (quantum dots) subsystems results in a substantial renormalization of polariton spectrum and thus in a considerable alteration of optical properties of the structure. Introduction of defects leads to an increase in the effective masses of polaritons and hence to a decrease of their group velocity.
Our model is primarily based on the virtual crystal approximation, which is often employed to examine quasiparticle excitations in sufficiently simple disordered superstructures. More complex systems usually require the use of more sophisticated methods such as the (one- or multinode) coherent potential approximation, the averaged T-matrix method and their various modifications.
The obtained numerical results help to obtain new composite polariton structures and expand the prospects for their use in the construction of solid-state devices with controlled propagation of electromagnetic waves.